Rescate del Olvido
Renace un Olvidado Tiple Requinto Costero de 1898
Músicos ambulantes, Ponce, PR, 1899. Foto tomada por Paul Beckwith en la colección de instrumentos musicales en el museo nacional de la Institución Smithoniano en Washington DC. Note el pequeño tiple requinto en manos del músico en el centro.
Réplicas del instrumento en la foto a la izquierda, hechos en el taller de William R. Cumpiano en 2022, actualmente en la colección permanente de instrumentos nativos de la Casa Paoli.
Vean y oigan un experto músico venezolano durante un festival en 2022 recoger y tocar su propia música folklórica en uno de los tiples requintos producidos por el proyecto Rescate del Olvido
The delicate sound of native stringed instruments that in ancient times could be heard in all the fields of the island — silent sounds as a result of social changes and the disappearance of the peasants who knew how to play them — springs up again, a product of the efforts of researchers. , folklorists and artisans. The most recent example of this effort is the recent fabrication of a series of painstakingly copied trebles of genuine relics recently found in foreign archives not available to the general public.
In April 2021, the museology student Norman. R. Storer Corrada contacted master luthier William Cumpiano, stating that during his recent visit to Washington DC as part of his professional studies at the Museum of [North] American History — one of the city's many museums under the auspices of the Institute. Smithsonian — discovered, within archives far from public view, a wonderful collection of Puerto Rican instruments dating back to the century before last — ancient fours and trebles, all protected from the ravages of time, all in virtually original condition. This was a finding of great importance among scholars of the history of traditional Puerto Rican music and crafts, because no more than six or seven native instruments of more than 80 years of existence have been preserved on the island, and among them the majority have survived in poor condition. The situation is undoubtedly due to the little value that historically has been given to the demonstrations of the island's peasants and therefore almost all their work, in terms of daily utensils and handicrafts, has been relegated to neglect and the moth.
A number of these artifacts ended up in the archives of the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, all carefully documented and preserved. And that is how the student Storer Corrada found them, who presented William Cumpiano with photographs of the ancient Puerto Rican instruments that the museum preserved, along with the attached files that document their measurements and provenance. Cumpiano, a master craftsman who had participated in an intensive 25-year study of the island's indigenous instruments, created a construction plan for one of the trebles in the collection, based on photos and measurements provided by Storer Corrada.
The instrument in particular was part of three trebles donated more than a hundred years ago to the Institute by Colonel Paul E. Beckwith, who on tour of the island obtained three trebles as a souvenir, and at the same time took a photograph of it, dated 1899 to three street musicians in Ponce playing guiro and guitar, and a musician playing one of the three trebles that later ended up in the Washington DC museum. In October, Cumpiano, together with CIFPR director Nestor Murray, completed in their workshop three copies of the same instrument, made entirely of native woods, mahogany and yagrumo, faithfully following the measurements and details of the original instrument, including its wooden pegs and its frets, or notes, linked by string. Two of the instruments will be part of Casa Paoli's permanent collection of native instruments and the third will be used to raise funds for the museum.
Oiga y vea la conferencia (en inglés) dado en junio 2022, frente a la Sociedad de América de Instrumentos Musicales, siglas en inglés AMIS, revelando el la existencia de colecciones de instrumentos nativos en museos norteamericanos, y el proceso de crear réplicas de los instrumentos puertorriqueños del Siglo 19 en la colección del Instituto Smithsoniano de Washington DC. Los conferenciantes son catedráticos adjuntos al Centro de Investigaciones Folklóricas de PR: Norman Storer-Corrada, Noraliz Ruiz y el lutier William R. Cumpiano