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Commemorative banner commemorating the abolition of slavery

By Perla de Leon  ©2023 Perla de Leon, concept, design, photography and production

12 feet



Los fotógrafos de la pancarta:

Nestor Murray Irizarry
Laura Magruder 

Daniel Lind-Ramos
Raquel Perez-Puig 

Pedro Rosa-Nales
Enrique Jimenez 

Nelson Rivera-Rodriguez 

Maria Banchs-Cabrera 

David Zayas



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Perla de León was born in New York City. He received an MFA in photography from Brooklyn College and attended Columbia University's Graduate Program in Film Directing. Perla taught photography and video production to high school and college students, curated Latin American photography exhibits, produced training videos for the Board of Education, and freelanced in a variety of crew positions in television and film production.

        Perla's photographs are found in the permanent collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington DC and El Museo del Barrio and Gracie Mansion in New York. Her work has been exhibited in museums in Mexico City, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Houston, Los Angeles, Barcelona, and New York, and has been published in Germany and Brazil. You can contact her here:
Leon Pearl <>




Juan Garrido, son of an African king, was the first free African to set foot on the island; He was a conquistador who was part of Juan Ponce de León's entourage. Twenty-five thousand native Tainos died from brutal treatment due to European slavery, death, and suicide. Most of the surviving natives took refuge in the mountainous regions of Puerto Rico.


The Spanish Crown authorizes the importation of 12 slaves per subject, the beginning of the journey of our African ancestors from West Africa to Puerto Rico. he Triangular Slave Trade sent 12 million Africans to the Caribbean, South and North America. The United States received only 5% of enslaved Africans. In 1523, the first sugarcane processing plant is built in Puerto Rico, followed by dozens of 'haciendas', including the American plantations that the United States instituted when it invaded the archipelago in 1898.


As sugar plantations increase, significantly, theft and purchase by Africans meant that our ancestors were shipped as cargo, packed like sardines, branded across the forehead, and scattered throughout Loiza, Ponce, Mayagüez, Guayama, and other coastal communities. The trafficking of human souls generated the immediate loss of extended family, name, language, religion, cultural rituals, ancestral ties and all human dignity.


Fearing Haiti's successful independence along with freedom fighters in nearby colonies, the Spanish Crown offers freedom to enslaved blacks from the Caribbean who swear allegiance to the Spanish monarchy and the Catholic Church. Soon after, white Europeans caught up in the Great Famine and widespread cholera at the time, are offered free land grants in exchange for loyalty to the Spanish Crown and the Catholic Church. Land grants to white foreigners from France, Italy, Ireland, Germany, and many other European groups produced generations of privileged white citizens in Puerto Rico.


The owners of the sugar plantations enact the 1849 Day Laborers Regulations, forcing criollos to work alongside 50,000 enslaved blacks on the sprawling plantations. Creoles, 16 years of age and older, who did not own land, were required to carry notebooks that identified their name, physical description, character, moral conduct, and place of work. Landlords recorded their daily hours and conduct, a control journal that would not be banned until slavery was ended by abolitionists.


Puerto Rico recognizes the abolition of slavery but does not emancipate the enslaved black population that is forced to work another three years and must buy their freedom at the price set by the master. As our African ancestors struggle to start a free life, the Spanish Crown compensates slave owners 35 million pesetas per slave (or $250,573 in modern money) ensuring the establishment of privileges for generations of white Puerto Ricans.

     The beaches, fields and roads of much of this island are covered with the sweat and blood of our African ancestors, whose immeasurable contributions to island culture include the introduction to the Americas of many cereals, rice, millet, black-eyed beans, fruits, nuts. , coffees and vegetables and of course a rich culture of music, dance, spirit and joy. On this sacred date, we honor the unimaginable sacrifices and contributions of the ancestors who produced the wealth that created the modern economies of Europe, Latin America, the United States, and the Caribbean.



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Puerto Rican composer, improvisational soloist, popular musician, and educator. His music has been performed on three continents by prestigious ensembles and soloists, including the Sichuan Philharmonic, the Warsaw Symphony, the American String Quartet, as well as faculty and students from CalArts, Michigan, Yale, and many prestigious universities. These interpretations have stimulated dissertations and academic publications on its creation in China, the United States, Spain, Turkey, and Puerto Rico. In addition, he has been a guest artist at Beijing Capitol Normal University, Princeton, Virginia, and many others. He has had outstanding participation in forums in various countries, including Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela. As a pop musician, he has made more than six thousand interventions in all industry media, worldwide. He was President of the Musicians Union of Puerto Rico, and founder of several entities that sought the development of musical creation. He works as a Professor at the Conservatory of Music of Puerto Rico.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 



Distinguished professor at the University of Puerto Rico, Dr. Román was the first female neurologist in Puerto Rico and founder of several non-profit organizations that benefit children and adults with epilepsy and other neurological diseases. With the help of her mother, Dr. Roman skipped several grades in school and is shocked when at 18 she is denied admission to a US medical school because she is black. Roman moves to Paris where he quickly learns French and begins his medical studies, later specializing in neurology. Years later, Harvard University awarded her a Scholarship Still active, Dr. Román is a consultant for the Parkinson Foundation, Puerto Rico and various societies that assist patients with epilepsy.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 

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Lawyer, feminist activist and defender of human rights. Her activism has focused on the fight against racism and discrimination against women, sexual orientation and gender identity. She is a member of the Advisory Council of the Latin American and Caribbean Committee for the Defense of Women's Human Rights and of the Advisory Council of the Network of Afro-Latin American, Afro-Caribbean and Diaspora Women. 2012-2014 she was President of the Puerto Rico Bar Association (Puerto Rico Bar Association) Former President of the Movimiento Victoria Ciudadana political party of which she is currently Minority Leader and Senator by Accumulation in the Senate of Puerto Rico and President of the Commission Human Rights and Labor Affairs of the Senate. The Senator is a co-founder of several important organizations dedicated to these causes. She is the author of numerous articles, essays, short stories and poetry that have been published in anthologies and newspapers.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Born in Barrio Obrero, Santurce, Awilda is a painter, mixed media and installation artist, and dance performer. Heavily influenced by the DADA movement and conceptual art, Awilda studied at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Diseño de Puerto Rico in Old San Juan and earned a Master's Degree in Painting/Studio Art from the Pratt Institute in New York City. Her greatest influence was her parents who, immersed in the Harlem Renaissance, surrounded her with their interest in books, dictionaries, newspapers, magazines, architecture, gastronomy, dance, music, cinema, jazz, bomba and everything creative.


The recipient of numerous art residencies and awards, Awilda's work has been exhibited in numerous museums, including the Biennial at the Whitney Museum in New York City.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 

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Benjamín studied journalism at the Universidad del Sagrado Corazón (San Juan, Puerto Rico) Benjamín Torres Gotay is a journalist, writer, and member of the Puerto Rican Academy of the Spanish Language. A native of Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico, he has been a journalist for more than 30 years. Since 1997 he has worked for El Nuevo Día, where he has been a reporter, editor, editorialist and deputy editor. Currently, he is a senior writer, columnist, and podcaster.

His numerous awards include the National Journalism Award from the Puerto Rico Journalists Association and the Overseas Press Club Award for Journalistic Excellence. He has also been awarded twice with the Bolívar Pagán Journalism Prize, awarded by the Institute of Puerto Rican Literature. In 2013 he published his first novel, Tattoos on the girl's body.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Born in Santurce, Puerto Rico, Virgen Milagros Orta Rodríguez (Choco) is an actress, singer, and percussionist from a family of musicians and singers. In addition to the influence of her community of musicians, Choco received a BA in Theater Education from the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras (Cum Laude). In the 1980s, Choco presents "Choco, Mambo y Algo Más", in honor of the musical genres of the 1940s and 1950s.

His television appearances include, “La Tiendita De La Esquina” (comedy) and “Latino” (music program) and “RAICES”, an annual production of Banco Popular. On the big screen he appears in "Bala Perdida", "Dios Los Cria" and "Assassins 1995". His lead singles include: Chico Is The Man (2010) Killing Me Softly (2013) Bomba Lamento Para Oscar López Rivera (2015, Tofú Sin Lechón (2016). His LPs include: Sentimiento y Sabor (1997) La Reina Del Sabor (2001) ) Right Now (2009) Choco Swing (2011) 30 Years Sharing Flavor (2018)

 Photo © Perla de Leon 

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Painter and sculptor assembler. He received a BA from the University of Puerto Rico and an MA from New York University. Retired professor at the University of Puerto Rico, Humacao Campus, his numerous awards include scholarships and residencies and the prestigious MaArthur Foundation Genius Fellowship Award, 2021.

Among his numerous exhibitions, his work has been shown at the National Gallery in Washington DC, Sarasota Arts Museum, the Biennial at the Whitney Museum in New York, Grand Palais (Paris), Cleveland Museum of Art, El Museo del Barrio. In 2023, Daniel will open an exhibition of his work at MOMA PS 1 in New York.

 Photo ©Raquel Perez-Puig


Renowned muralist with numerous international exhibitions.

Puerto Rico Exhibitions: Caribbean Color, Santurce is Law, The Walls Speak. Zayas has murals in the Museum of the Americas, Petrus Gallery, Caribe Hilton Hotel, San Patricio Plaza, Banco Popular de la Pda. 22.
International Exhibitions: 12th Biennial of Havana, Cuba, Forensic Curatorium, Villa Alegre, Chile, Street Art Tallahassee, FL, 3rd and 4th International-MULI Biennial of Muralism and Public Art in Colombia, 352Walls - Gainesville, FL, Fiesta de Colores, Ecuador, Artist 4 Israel, Israel, TODAY Villa Francisca, Dominican Republic, Caribbean Festival, Santiago de Cuba. Zamora Urban Art Festival, Ecuador, The Miramar International Art Biennial, Buenos Aires, Argentina, The Tarija International Mural Biennial, Bolivia. Hipódromo Camarero, Juana de Caicedo y Cuero Educational Institution of Cali, Colombia, Casa Alcaldía de Zamora, Ecuador and Loiza Festival of El Barrio in New York among others. In 2017, Zayas received the Key to the City of Lyn, Massachusetts.

 Photo ©David Zayas


Makeup artist, born in Río Piedras and raised in Carolina.

This proud mother of four children worked as a makeup artist throughout her community before working in the same capacity on TV specials, Tele11, independent video productions, miniseries, commercials and photography.


Glorimar once worked as a receptionist for former senator and comedian Yazmin Mejías. He currently dedicates his time to rescuing abandoned animals.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Born in Cayey, José is a repair technician who offers excellent services in all areas of Eastern Puerto Rico. He is a specialist in repair and maintenance of household appliances such as refrigerators, washer-dryers, microwaves, stoves, ovens and others.

Contact: 939-325-8441

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


A native of the San Antón neighborhood in Ponce, Banchs-Cabrera studied at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus. She has a specialty in Visual and Hearing Impairments with a Concentration in Drama from the same university. In addition, she has a master's degree in Education with a concentration in Archival Art History and Museology from the Universidad del Caribe. Her doctoral concentration is in Curriculum and Organizational Leadership from Nova Southeastern University. She is the founder of Casa Negra San Antón, an organization whose mission is to educate, maintain and preserve the roots of our Afro-descendant ancestors. She is also a community leader and cultural manager. She offers services as a certified trainer in the area of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports in public schools in Puerto Rico.

 Photo ©Maria Banchs-Cabrera 


Santos-Febres is an author, poet, novelist, literature professor, essayist, literary critic, and author of children's books. Her work focuses on issues of race, diaspora identity, female sexuality, gender fluidity, desire, and power, and has been translated into French, English, Italian, Romanian, Korean, Portuguese, and Islander. Her published poetry includes: Anamú y manigua (1990), The escaped order (1991), Boat People (1994, 2021), Tercer Mundo (2004), Renunciation Lessons (2021), Huracanada (2018). Short stories: Glass fish and other stories, The correct body, A possible past and Violent women. Novels include: Sirena Selena dressed in sorrow (2001), Any Wednesday I am yours (2002), Faith in disguise (2009), Our Lady of the night (2006) and Gardel's lover (2015) Before the light arrives ( 2021) ). In 2010, Santos Febres won the United Nations Cultural Medal for her work as founder of the main literary event in Puerto Rico La Palabra/Festival de la Palabra (2009-2019). Recognized by the Spanish newspaper El País as one of the 20 most influential Latin American personalities, in 2019 she won the Prix Nationale de Littérature de l'Academie de Pharmacie in Paris, France for La amante de Gardel. Since 2020, as part of the Kellogg Foundation Solidarity Council for Racial Equity and together with her husband Ballesta Nueve, she is developing a documentary series entitled "The AfroLatinx HealingRace Project".

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Born in Guayama, Nelie started singing at a very young age. Influenced by her aunts who are all teachers, she studied at the University of Puerto Rico focusing on singing, special education, and Spanish.

In 2006, Nelie began producing “Ambos a Dos”, a children's radio show, the first of its kind in Puerto Rico. The program focuses on age-appropriate music that can be shared by family members and teachers in schools. Over the years, the program has expanded to include poetry readings and other performances.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


He has a Bachelor's Degree and a Master's Degree in Architecture from the School of Architecture of the University of Puerto Rico in Río Piedras, 1986.

Since 1995 he has been a professor at the School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico.

As a student he obtained the medal of the College of Architects and Landscape Architects of Puerto Rico. During the first years of his career he worked for various firms in San Juan until in 1999 he founded the firm Ocasio Rivera Arquitectos. In 2007 he established the firm NeArq Studio in San Juan.

 Photo ©Nelson Rivera-Rodriguez


Master of Education, Bank Street College of Education, NYC and Doctorate in History of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean from the Center for Advanced Studies of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. He was a History professor at the Inter-American University of Puerto Rico. As historian, founder, and director of the Casa Paoli Cultural Center in Ponce, Puerto Rico, he has published more than a dozen books on cultural and historical topics and edited another 50. In 2005, his monographic study on mural art by artist Ríos Rey, Considered the most important exponent of muralism in Puerto Rico, it was awarded Best Art Book of the Year by the International Association of Art Critics. In addition to working as a journalist, writer, radio host and researcher, Murray-Irizarry is a promoter of special events, both locally and internationally. He is the founder of the Society for the Historic Preservation of Puerto Rico and evaluates proposals from the Puerto Rican Foundation for the Humanities and the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture.

 Photo © Laura Magruder


Born in Fajardo, Puerto Rico. Nales is the first Afro-Puerto Rican to serve as a television presenter and host, since 1981. As a television anchor for WAPA TV's NOTICENTRO and NOTICENTRO AMERICA, he has received numerous awards for his journalism. An unwavering defender of people of color, he has been honored by the Puerto Rico Bar Association, among other institutions.

 Photo ©Enrique Jiménez


Born in Río Piedras, Puerto Rico, Morales began his university studies at the University of Puerto Rico. He later transferred to Iowa State University to pursue a degree in Animal Science. His Veterinary studies a License was obtained at Tuskegee University in Alabama. Morales, a Carolina resident, works with both small animals and farm animals. His veterinary clinic is in Carolina, Clínica Veterinaria Villamar.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Painter, sculptor, and screen printer whose Loiza studio is filled with hundreds of folkloric images that highlight and honor his African roots. Samuel's images and sculptures capture the rich culture of Loiza's bomba musicians and dancers and their humble community. Initially self-taught, Samuel studied at the San Juan School of Plastic Arts but felt alienated by the negative response to his folkloric style. True to his vision and skills in figurative art, Samuel has exhibited work in galleries in Chicago, Philadelphia, New York, and Cleveland, among others.


"I consider myself a worker who likes everyone who devotes himself to his work with passion and creates something new, that is an Artist."

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Born in Río Piedras, Tito studied cinematography at the University of Puerto Rico and spent three years at the International Film and Television School in Cuba. In 2011, Tito founded Caserío Films to focus on stories from marginalized communities. In 2013 he produced the short video '12:16' and in 2014 he wrote and produced his first feature film 'El Antillano', a documentary about the life of Ramón Emiterio Betances, a doctor and abolitionist. In 2017, Tito wrote and edited the feature documentary 'Filiberto'.

 Photo © Perla de Leon 

 Photo © Perla de Leon 


Born in Guaynabo, Yolanda began writing at a very young age.

In 1990 he wrote and directed a play titled “A donde el amor”. In 2004, his first book of short stories and in 2005 his first novel. Professor and Resident Writer at EDP University, Yolanda is founder and director of the Chair of Ancestral Black Women (Department of Black Female Ancestry)

His numerous awards and publications include:

-2023 Residency Scholarship, Words Without Borders

-2022 Letras Boricuas, Mellon Foundation Fellowship, Columbia University in NY (Sundial House) publishes a bilingual edition of her books, Negras y Yo


-National Creation Award 2021 for his book Calle de la Resistencia

-2018 PEN Club of Puerto Rico. First time an LGBTQ writer has been awarded

-2016 Writer of the Year in Queer Literature, LGBT Community Center of Puerto Rico -2015 and 2012 Institute of Puerto Rican Culture

-2015 Harmless-looking Animals, Book of the Year

-2013 Las negras, National Short Story Award, PEN Club de PR

-2008 National Award from the Institute of Puerto Rican Literature

-2007 Ojos de Luna, Book of the Year, PR


Afrod de la historia
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Arturo Schomburg

Born In Santurce In 1854. His teachers claimed that black people had no history, heroes or accomplishments. By 1911, Schomburg had co-founded with John Edward Bruce the Negro Society for
Historical Research, to support scholarly efforts which brought together African, West Indian, and Afro-American scholars. By the 1920s, Schomburg had amassed a collection which consisted of artworks, manuscripts, rare books, slave narratives and other artifacts of Black history.[The collection formed the cornerstone of the Schomburg Center at the 135th Street Public Library Branch in Harlem.

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Rafael Cordero

Born Isn San Juan in 1790. Self-educated, he is known as the "Father of Public Education in Puerto Rico” as he established a free school for children of all races where he taught reading, calligraphy, mathematics, and religious instruction. Cordero maintained his educational center for 58 years at Luna Street. He proved that racial and economic integration could be possible and accepted. ]2,000 people attended his funeral in 1868.

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Celestina Cordero Molina

Established the first school for girls in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Her father, a former salve, was a “Freeman” who under “El Codigo Negro” (The Black Code) could buy his freedom. Her parents taught her and her siblings to read and write. Her love of education she developed from her mother. Both she and her brother established schools and taught children of all colors.

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Rafael Hernández

Born in 1892 in Aguadilla, he is the author of hundreds of popular songs in the Latin American repertoire. He specialized in Cuban styles such as Boleros & Guaracha. Among the many instruments he played were the clarinet, tuba, violin, piano, and guitar and at the age of 14 he played for the Cocolia Orquestra. As a WWI soldier he and 16 other Puerto Ricans joined the United States Army's Harlem Hell fighters musical band,

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Pedro Albizu Campos

Born 1893 in Ponce, PR, Albizu earned the highest GPA in his Harvard class. He was an attorney who spoke 6 languages and fought for the Independence of Ireland, Puerto Rico and other colonized nations. He was an attorney and the president and spokesperson of the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico from 1930 until his death. Albizu Campos went to jail because he led an island- wide agricultural strike in 1935, that succeeded in doubling the sugarcane workers' wages.

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Juano Hernández

Born in San Juan in1896, first Afro–Puerto Rican to become a major star in the US and among the "new style" black screen actors, who played straight dramatic roles in dozens of films throughout the Golden Age of Hollywood, including silent films. With no formal education, Juano was a sailor who worked in the circus in Rio de Janeiro, a boxer in Puerto Rico a vaudeville had mistral show entertainer in New York and a radio script writer who perfected his diction by staying Shakespeare. Juano worked in radio’s first all-black soap opera, appeared on Broadway and in 26 films.

In 1949, William Faulkner's, Intruder in the Dust, earned him a Golden Globe nomination.

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José Celso Barbosa

Born In Bayamon in 1857, was a physician and sociologist, one of the first persons of African descent to earn a medical degree in the United States after being rejected from the College of Physicians and Surgeons (Columbia University Medical School) because he was black. He introduced an innovative idea whereby business owners would pay an honorariam that would cover future medical needs of their employees.

In 1907, he founded the newspaper, “El Tiempo”, the first bilingual newspaper on the island.

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Juan Morel Campos

Born in Ponce,1857. Morel began studying music at the age of 8, mastering many instruments and later directing his own band.
His compositions focused on danza music for piano, an instrument more accesible than an orchestra as most music of the time was listened to in people’s living rooms, record players and radio were not accessible yet. Morel composed over 550 musical works before he died unexpectedly at age 38. HIs Danza music is Legendary.

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Tite Curet Alonso

Born in Guayama in 1926. Curet was a composer of over 2,000 salsa songs of which at least 50 were mayor hits. Raised in Barrio Obrero in Santurce, he was surrounded by musicians and artists, among them, Ismael Rivera and Daniels Santos. Curet wrote social and romantic ballads as well as songs that expressed his admiration for Caribbean blacks. Tite studied journalism at the University of Puerto Rico and worked for the U.S. Post Office for twenty years. In 1960 he moved to New York City where he developed a style known as "salsa with a conscience". He wrote songs about social and romantic themes which told about the situation of the poor Afro–Puerto Ricans and the hardships they faced. He also focused many of his songs on what he called the beauty of the black Caribbeans.

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José Campeche

Born 1751 of a slave who purchased his freedom and a mother from the Canary Islands. He is considered by art critics as one of the best rococo artists in the Americas. Part of the Impressionist movement in Europe, he briefly taught Paul Cezzane and other Impressionists while in Paris. Oller founded the Free Academy of Art of Puerto Rico in 1868. In 1884 he founded an art school for women. His works of art can be found in museums, churches and chapels.

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Ruth Fernández

Born in Ponce, 1919. at age 22, she was signed by Columbia Records. First woman to sing in a Puerto Rican orchestra; the first Puerto Rican woman to sing "popular" music at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City; performed at the Carnegie Hall in New York in 1960. One of three artists whose contributions have helped unite Latin America. The other two artists named were Libertad Lamarque from Argentina and Pedro Vargas from Mexico.

In 1972, Fernández was elected to the Puerto Rico Senate. 

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Roberto Clemente

Born in Carolina, Puerto Rico he was a member of the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team. In spite of discrimination which didn’t allow him to stay or eat in establishments due to the color of his skin, Roberto won 12 Golden Gloves for his excellence in Baseball. Known as one of the prominent players of the 1960s, Roberto was an avid defender of Latin American baseball players and supported youth groups wishing to play baseball.In 1972, Roberto took a late flight to Nicaragua to assist with supplies following a deviating earthquake. The small plane fell into the ocean shortly after takeoff, killing everyone on board. He was the first Latino inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

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Irene Cara

(1959-2022) Born in New York City of a Puerto Rican and Cuban family, Cara was a singer, dancer and actress who became famous following her appearance as Coco Hernandez in the musical film FAME. She won Grammy award nominations, a Golden Globe award, an Obie, and much praise for her singing and performances in numerous plays, films and albums.

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Evelina López Antonetty

(1922−1984) was born in Salinas but went to school in New York City where as a civil rights activist she helped mainly Puerto Rican children with their education. Evelina founded the United Bronx Parents in the South Bronx and helped institute bilingual classes, school lunches as well as increased community involvement. Evelina worked for Congressman Vito Marcantonio, an Italian-American man from Harlem, and Jesús Colón, a Puerto Rican born labor leader. The experience of working for Marcantonio and Colón, led her to work for District 65 of the United Auto Workers, preparing people to enter the job force. Her success in education led to the establishment of bilingual schools in the South Bronx and a collaboration with African American mothers led to expanded programs in other cities.

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Pura Teresa Belpré y Nogueras

(February 2, 1899 – July 1, 1982) Born in Cidra, Puerto Rico, Pura moved to NYC where she was a writer, puppeteer and educator who served as the first Puerto Rican librarian in New York City. Her first library position was at 135St in Harlem. Pura instituted bilingual storytelling and received the New York Mayor’s Award for her library contributions.

115th Street, story-telling group, AfricanAmerican children with Miss Pura Belpré.
NYPL Digital Collections, Image ID: 100838




Town of Rio Piedras, Neighborhood of Cupey

Free register of the slave Anastasio Castro, owned by Doña Leocadia Garcia, a domestic worker, has an alibi and is registered in the Cupey neighborhood. 

Age: 11 years

stature: growing

Colour: black

Hair: ?
Brown eyes

Normal nose
Big Mouth

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Documento oficial anunciando la abolición de la esclavitud en Puerto Rico

30 de marzo de 1873. 

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